Communication 416/12 –Jean-Marie Atangana Mebara v. Cameroon Summary of the Complaint 1. On 26 July 2012, the Secretariat of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the Secretariat) received from Mr Jean-Marie Atangana Mebara, of Cameroonian nationality, a Complaint submitted pursuant to Article 55 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Charter). 2. The Complaint was submitted against the Republic of Cameroon (the Respondent State or Cameroon), a State Party to the African Charter1. 3. The Complainant submits that between 1997 and 2007 when he occupied several ministerial posts in the Government of Cameroon, he received and implemented instructions for which he was accused of embezzlement. After being held in custody on 1 August 2008 by the judicial police in Yaoundé, he was handed over to the State Counsel of the Yaoundé High Court on 6 August 2008. On the same day, he was charged, detained and imprisoned at the Yaoundé Central Prison. 4. The Complainant was indicted on five counts, including the embezzlement or attempted embezzlement, in collaboration with other individuals, of huge sums of money in connection with the purchase of a presidential plane and other related transactions. The Complainant submits that he first appeared before a judge in June 2009, after close to a year following his detention. 5. The Complainant further submits that on 30 September 2009, the examining magistrate brought a sixth charge against him for misappropriation of public 1 The Republic of Cameroon ratified the African Charter on 20 June 1989.